Soils are the foundation for vegetation which is cultivated or managed for feed, fibre, fuel and medicinal products. They support our planet’s biodiversity and help to combat and adapt to climate change by playing a key role in the carbon cycle. As soil is a a non-renewable resource, it is crucial to keep it healthy, and preserve it in order to preserve the future generations.
But soils are being threatened by growing cities, deforestation, unsustainable land use and utilization methods. The rate of soil erosion threatens the ability of future generations to cultivate the land. The primary objective of the International Year of Soils is to draw mankind‘s attention to the importance of healthy soils and to promote sustainable use in order to protect this important natural resource.
Especially in Iceland the soil is very vulnerable to erosion, but forestry makes it possible to strengthen the soils, and through this, to strengthen Icelandic agriculture, sustain sound regional development in rural areas and increase the yield of the land.